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Fantasy Basketball 101: How to Play Fantasy Basketball

Alex Barutha

Alex writes primarily about the NBA for RotoWire. His work has appeared on CBS Sports, Bleacher Report and other sites. He enjoys both year-long and daily fantasy. Vince Carter and Alex both first dunked during their respective sophomore years of high school.

Whether itís your first time playing fantasy sports or youíre a long-time fantasy football player looking for a new challenge, this guide aims to educate you about how to approach fantasy basketball.

Fantasy basketball works on the same basic principles of any other fantasy sport. You construct a team of players from the respective league and earn points based on their real-life performance. The points you earn determine if you win or lose, whether itís that day, that week, or that season.

The tips and advice below should help you construct a serviceable -- and hopefully league-winning -- team, even if you havenít been actively following the NBA.

Understand Your Format

As with all fantasy sports, league format can alter which players are most valuable. Fantasy basketball is typically scored in one of four ways: Head-to-Head, Head-to-Head Points, Roto, Roto Points.

Head-to-Head pits you against another member of your league, with one winner and one loser (or a tie, depending on your commissionerís feelings on such a thing). Those wins and losses determine who makes the playoffs, similar to real basketball. Winners and losers are determined by who accumulates the most stats in each statistical category (points, rebounds, assists, steals, etc.). For example, if your team accumulates 300 points, 200 rebounds and 100 assists, compared to my teamís 450 points, 150 rebounds and 99 assists, youíve won the matchup two categories to one.

Head-to-Head Points follows the same concept, except victory is achieved by totaling the most fantasy points, determined by a preset value for each statistic, rather than separating each statistic individually. Typically, values are either +1 (points, field-goals made, rebounds, blocks, etc.) or -1 (field-goal attempts, turnovers, etc.).

You either accrue more points than your opponent, or lose trying. Understanding how your commissioner assigns values is important, as well. For instance, if your commissioner believes turnovers should be -1.5 instead of -1, that can change the value of turnover-prone point guards such as Dennis Schroder, who averaged 6.3 assists but 3.3 turnovers per game last season.

The differences between Roto and Roto Points formats are the same, except there are no head-to-head matchups. Total categories or points are kept throughout the entirety of the season on what is essentially a giant scoreboard, with those at a predetermined cutoff point making the playoffs (if there are playoffs).

The difference between the four may seem subtle, but the scoring structure can significantly affect the fantasy value of certain players. Points formats generally reward teams that have the best overall players, while categorical formats reward teams that have players who are dominant in one or more statistics.

One way to demonstrate the difference between point and categorical leagues is to take a look at RotoWireís top-10 projected players for each format (in head-to-head).

The top-10 projected players for Head-to-Head Points are: Karl-Anthony Towns, Russell Westbrook, Giannis Antetokounmpo, Anthony Davis, LeBron James, Kevin Durant, Nikola Jokic, Rudy Gobert and Stephen Curry.

The top-10 projected players for Head-to-Head Categories are: Russell Westbrook, James Harden, Stephen Curry, Giannis Antetokounmpo, John Wall, Anthony Davis, Karl-Anthony Towns, Kawhi Leonard, DeMarcus Cousins and Kevin Durant.

Iíll cherry-pick a couple players off those lists to help explain the importance of knowing your format.

Nikola Jokic is one of the most dynamic centers in the league, posting 16.7 points, 9.8 rebounds and 4.9 assists per game last season, so why does he fall at No. 8 for points formats and fails to make the top-10 for categorical formats? While he racks up a huge number of varying stats (including some three pointers), Jokic does not dominate one or more categories. As a result, he can carry your team in a points format, but acts as a top-tier supplementary player in categorical leagues.

John Wall is the opposite. He ranks fifth in categorical leagues but drops to 12th in a points format. Wall ranked second in the league in both assists (10.7) and steals (2.0) per game last season, which is a major asset when trying to win individual categories. That said, heís less valuable in points formats, as a result of his overall numbers. Last season, he was No. 18 in points per game (23.1), had a relatively high turnover rate (4.1), while shooting near league average from the field (45.1 percent).

Draft Day

Once you have a grasp of your format, the day of your leagueís draft should be much less intimidating. One of the main things to note about your league, which should affect how you draft, is how many players you are allowed at each position, as well as the number of bench slots.

For example, in a standard, 12-team, ESPN Head-to-Head categorical league, youíre allotted one starting point guard, shooting guard, guard, small forward, power forward, forward and two centers. There are also two utility spots and three bench spots. Thereís plenty of flexibility at hand Ė drafting three centers in a row to dominate the rebounding and blocks categories is viable because you can play all three on any given night.

Leagues differ, however. Some may allow for just one player at each traditional position with a utility and a deep bench. Some may allow for all utility players and one bench spot. In the former scenario, drafting two players in a row who play the same position may hurt you in the long run, as one would likely have to sit on the bench while the other plays.

Personally, when the draft kicks off, I usually take who I feel is the best player available with my first pick and build around that, rather than aiming for some specific kind of victory. I donít go into categorical drafts thinking Iím going to win blocks, steals and threes this season. That decision is made in accordance with the strengths (or weaknesses) of my first pick.

Using a prior example, if John Wall falls to me in a categorical draft at the No. 9 spot, Iíll take him and then aim for other players who rack up assists and steals. Heís also a quality rebounder for his position, so rebounds could be a third category to target. Depending on which stats are accounted for, you may be able to flat-out ignore drafting players who are great scorers, which goes against conventional basketball wisdom.

If youíre stuck trying to decide between two or more players, or just want to learn more about a particular guy, consulting RotoWireís fantasy outlooks can be a way to clear things up. You can learn about trends, changing roles, injury history, etc.

To Trade or Not to Trade

In many leagues, almost without fail, some wise guy will start throwing out trade offers as soon as the draft ends, trying to grab someone they missed out on. If that guy sends you an offer, my advice in most cases is to politely decline. Have confidence in who you drafted, especially if this is your first time playing. No one offers you a trade thinking theyíre on the losing end.

That said, do take note of whom they are trying to take from you. That information can be valuable down the line depending on how the season shakes out. Letís continue using John Wall, who youíve now drafted, as an example.

Letís say immediately after the draft ends, the aforementioned wise guy offers you DeMarcus Cousins for Wall. Thatís not an easy trade to turn down. But, if youíre still banking on winning the assists and steals categories, it doesnít make much sense for you, since Cousins is a scorer, rebounder, a three-point shooter.

Fast forward 20 games into the season, and the wise guyís starting point guard -- letís say Chris Paul Ė suffers a season-ending injury. Paul and Wall are very similar players in terms of statistical distribution Ė heavy on assists and steals Ė so heíll likely still be interested in Wall. Now you have leverage. Generally, Iíd avoid trading top-10 players, but in this case you may be able to convince the desperate owner to throw in another valuable asset along with Cousins.

Patience and the Waiver Wire

Viewing the season in weeks, like fantasy football, rather than games, is important. If player goes on a five-game cold streak in basketball, thatís relatively normal. If a player goes on a five-game cold streak in football, itís time to sound the alarms. After all, five games in the NBA is just 6.1 percent of the season. Five games in the NFL is 31.3 percent of the season.

But, if one of your picks really isnít panning out Ė whether itís due to role, injury, age, etc. -- donít be afraid to cut and run. It happens every season. I canít remember the last time I kept all of my last three draft picks for the entire season.

Your most valuable resource, especially when searching for a replacement for one of your lower-end draft picks, is the waiver wire. Simply put: the players who werenít drafted or were let go by another team.

Keeping an eye on the waiver wire, even if you arenít actively looking to drop one of your current players, can be helpful. There may be someone on the wire who is simply performing better than expected and could be worth dropping one of your players for.

Prior to making a move, try to identify whether Player Xís impressive performances are outliers or a trend. RotoWireís player notes can be helpful to identify whether itís the former or latter. Plenty of players have a big game here and there Ė few can sustain unexpected play for an extended period.

The catch is that if you wait too long, someone else may snatch that player up. Each season, plenty of gambles are won and lost in the waiver wire.

Have Fun

Itís cheesy, but fantasy sports, in essence, is for fun. Iím admittedly biased, but I believe getting into fantasy basketball can be more entertaining than many other fantasy sports due to the frequency of games and fast-paced nature of the sport. Almost every night, thereís a game worth tuning in and watching, even for casual fans. That becomes the case even more so when one of your fantasy players is involved. Every time they touch the ball is an opportunity for your team to earn points.