You don’t have to roster closers among your nine active pitchers, but due to the nature of the NFBC virtually everyone does. That’s because a significant portion of your entry fee goes toward the overall prize money, and you have no shot at the overall title if you tank saves. That artificially drives up the price of closers, and we need to account for it of we’re going to price the pitching pool accurately.
To that end, I decided to imagine instead of needing nine pitchers of any kind on your NFBC roster as is technically the case, you actually had to have a couple closers. I settled on six starters, two closers and a flex (starter or closer). The flex meant half the teams have a closer in that spot and half have a starter. Accordingly, I multiplied 6.5 starter slots by 12 teams to get 78 total starting pitchers drafted before the reserve rounds, and 2.5 closers (30 total.) I then separated the Steamer projections lists into starters and closers, using the 78th-ish* starter and 30th-ish* closer as my rough replacement value baselines.
*(For starters, replacement value was the average projections of pitchers ranked 68 through 87, according to ADP. I use 20-pitcher sample around the No. 78 starter to smooth out wins, ERA, Ks and WHIP. For relievers, replacement value was relievers 25-36.)
I calculated the value over replacement (VORP) in each category for the starters vs. baseline starters and relievers vs. baseline relievers. Then I adjusted the ratios for innings pitched and figured out how many standard deviations (in the overall mixed starter/reliever list) each pitcher’s VORP was above or below the baseline for his group in each category. I added those together to get a total value.
Once you have the total value, you still have to convert it into dollars, and to do that I needed to know what the total budget for starters and closers was in the NFBC. Luckily, I had already figured that out in a prior post (you can click and evaluate the method for yourself.) It turns out 34 percent of the total pick value (converted to dollars) is spent on pitching, $1060.64 of the total $3120 (based on $260 per team). Of that $1060.64, based on ADP, $293.36 is spent on closers.
Once you have that number, it’s pretty easy to add up the total values for all the closers drafted, divide that sum into the amount of money to be spent ($293) and get a multiplier. That multiplier is then applied to the total values to generate a dollar value. Here are the results for the closers (in order of ADP and based on the Steamer projections):
|Seung Hwan Oh||12.74|
Based on these numbers**, it’s easy to see why the elite closers should fly off the board in the fourth round – or earlier. But that’s not really what this is demonstrating because I used the NFBC’s own total closer expenditures to generate the closer budget. Put differently, the only reason the closer budget is $293 and not $200 is because the NFBC drafters collectively made it that way. So this doesn’t show whether it’s right or wrong, only that when you do apportion that much money to it, and treat closers as a separate position to be filled, here’s how much of that budget you should apportion to each, assuming he was going to perform according to his Steamer projection.
You can see there’s big gap between the top two (Chapman and Jansen) and everyone else. And the takeaway is that so long as closers are necessary as they are in the NFBC, and so long as this necessity pushes them up to where they’re being pushed in the NFBC, then you should spend much more on Chapman or Jansen than anyone else, assuming you believe the Steamer projections.
This is a weaker point than I’d hoped to make, but it also underlines something that’s hard to escape when doing these exercises: the power of the market to influence value. If you must have saves, and everyone’s drafting closers in Rounds 2-4 until there are none left, what do you do? If you punt, you’ll have a monster team in the other categories, but even so, it’s hard to contend in the overall contest without saves, no matter how good your first four picks were. So the best we can do to some extent is assign a budget based on the market’s practices and figure out how to make the best use of it. This is also true on the bigger question of hitting/pitching split.
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(**The reason there are so many closers at the bottom with a zero dollar value rather than negative, is I set up the formula that way. When you allow negative valuations, it apportions even more money to the guys at the top, but that makes no sense because in practice the negative relievers would be dropped long before that.)
Let’s take a look at what happens to the starting pitchers when you apportion them 34 percent of the budget ($1,061) minus $293 (closer budget) = $768 for 6.5 slots and compare them only to other starters:
|1||Clayton Kershaw||43.32||31||Michael Fulmer||5.63||61||Drew Pomeranz||3.24|
|2||Max Scherzer||31.31||32||Felix Hernandez||7.68||62||Joe Ross||3.47|
|3||Madison Bumgarner||26.88||33||Marcus Stroman||6.78||63||Ian Kennedy||3.25|
|4||Noah Syndergaard||27.78||34||Kevin Gausman||7.14||64||Adam Wainwright||4.66|
|5||Chris Sale||25.72||35||Dallas Keuchel||14.86||65||Jharel Cotton||1.44|
|6||Corey Kluber||24.66||36||Tanner Roark||1.08||66||Dylan Bundy||-3.56|
|7||Jake Arrieta||17.82||37||Jameson Taillon||12.09||67||Hisashi Iwakuma||4.07|
|8||Jon Lester||21.62||38||Julio Urias||2.16||68||Sonny Gray||0.03|
|9||Yu Darvish||19.96||39||Matt Harvey||6.67||69||Ivan Nova||2.51|
|10||Johnny Cueto||20.89||40||James Paxton||12.24||70||Taijuan Walker||1.12|
|11||Justin Verlander||20.03||41||John Lackey||8.95||71||Tyler Glasnow||0.06|
|12||Chris Archer||20.41||42||Lance McCullers||14.53||72||Alex Cobb||-1.07|
|13||Carlos Carrasco||20.88||43||Steven Matz||10.70||73||Collin McHugh||6.19|
|14||Stephen Strasburg||21.65||44||Matt Moore||9.43||74||Jeremy Hellickson||0.81|
|15||Carlos Martinez||12.43||45||Jon Gray||6.95||75||Anthony DeSclafani||-0.60|
|16||Jacob deGrom||14.11||46||Carlos Rodon||4.36||76||Zach Davies||0.47|
|17||Kyle Hendricks||12.82||47||Vince Velasquez||6.94||77||Daniel Norris||-3.24|
|18||Aaron Sanchez||4.12||48||Jake Odorizzi||4.50||78||Trevor Bauer||-2.20|
|19||Cole Hamels||10.88||49||Sean Manaea||1.53||79||Gio Gonzalez||6.50|
|20||Masahiro Tanaka||13.15||50||J.A. Happ||3.45||80||Joe Musgrove||-8.12|
|21||David Price||14.82||51||Aaron Nola||9.84||81||Lance Lynn||3.23|
|22||Zack Greinke||10.51||52||Robbie Ray||11.95||82||Junior Guerra||-2.06|
|23||Julio Teheran||6.36||53||Marco Estrada||-3.42||83||Ervin Santana||-0.22|
|24||Jose Quintana||12.28||54||Jeff Samardzija||11.41||84||Mike Foltynewicz||-0.20|
|25||Rick Porcello||10.89||55||Drew Smyly||7.58||85||Jason Hammel||-1.98|
|26||Danny Duffy||11.93||56||Jerad Eickhoff||1.10||86||Chris Tillman||-7.03|
|27||Kenta Maeda||8.76||57||Michael Pineda||12.54||87||Eduardo Rodriguez||-1.17|
|28||Gerrit Cole||12.62||58||Matt Shoemaker||13.05||88||Jordan Zimmermann||-1.63|
|29||Danny Salazar||12.62||59||Blake Snell||4.10||89||Francisco Liriano||1.01|
|30||Rich Hill||13.16||60||Garrett Richards||6.89||90||Brandon Finnegan||-5.28|
Oddly, while Kershaw is still on top and by a massive margin, his overall price ($43.32) is much less than it was ($48.41) when I did this while including closers. Even stranger, on the first pass, I made the hitting/pitching split 70/30 rather than the NFBC’s 66/34 here. You’d think Kershaw would have even more value.
But three things cut against that – when you remove the closers, the ERA/WHIP baseline gets lower, meaning more starters have value in those categories than they did when closers were included. That means while Kershaw’s even further above replacement than before, he has to split the ERA/WHIP money, so to speak, with more high-inning players than before. Second, for whatever reason, Steamer seems to have reduced Kershaw’s projection – from .92 WHIP to .97 and 2.30 ERA to 2.37. (I’m not 100 percent positive of this, but I’m trusting my memory here.) Third, the first time I ran the numbers, closers were worth quite a bit less because they didn’t get a scarcity boost, i.e., I didn’t assign them $293 of the $1,060. In fact, under the original undifferentiated 70/30 split, pitchers got $936 total and closers $143.9. That left starters with $792.1, $24 more than they have here.
The same is true of Max Scherzer, also still an outlier and also cheaper than before, but the rest of the pitchers are more or less the same as before without the closers included.
Here are the top 120 pitchers with starters and closers re-integrated:
|5||Clayton Kershaw||43.32||102.7||Danny Duffy||11.93||231.4||Ian Kennedy||3.25|
|13.2||Max Scherzer||31.31||203.1||Jeff Samardzija||11.41||229.2||Drew Pomeranz||3.24|
|19.1||Noah Syndergaard||27.78||101.8||Rick Porcello||10.89||285.6||Lance Lynn||3.23|
|15.7||Madison Bumgarner||26.88||82.2||Cole Hamels||10.88||258.9||Ivan Nova||2.51|
|54.9||Kenley Jansen||26.46||242.4||Cam Bedrosian||10.84||156.1||Julio Urias||2.16|
|21.1||Chris Sale||25.72||168.9||Steven Matz||10.70||283.5||Neftali Feliz||2.13|
|54.2||Aroldis Chapman||25.54||123.8||Kelvin Herrera||10.57||163.5||Sam Dyson||1.71|
|25.5||Corey Kluber||24.66||97.6||Zack Greinke||10.51||189.8||Sean Manaea||1.53|
|58||Stephen Strasburg||21.65||95.3||Roberto Osuna||10.13||237.5||Jharel Cotton||1.44|
|37||Jon Lester||21.62||129.5||Jeurys Familia||10.06||259.4||Taijuan Walker||1.12|
|118.4||Andrew Miller||21.27||201.3||Dellin Betances||9.94||205||Jerad Eickhoff||1.10|
|42.1||Johnny Cueto||20.89||197.2||Aaron Nola||9.84||149.1||Tanner Roark||1.08|
|57.7||Carlos Carrasco||20.88||181.2||Raisel Iglesias||9.46||140.8||A.J. Ramos||1.05|
|55||Chris Archer||20.41||173.4||Matt Moore||9.43||305.2||Francisco Liriano||1.01|
|46.4||Justin Verlander||20.03||163.8||John Lackey||8.95||291||Fernando Rodney||1.00|
|37.5||Yu Darvish||19.96||109.1||Kenta Maeda||8.76||276.5||Jeremy Hellickson||0.81|
|93.1||Edwin Diaz||18.69||132.4||Felix Hernandez||7.68||277.4||Zach Davies||0.47|
|92.7||Wade Davis||18.04||204.6||Drew Smyly||7.58||156.1||Francisco Rodriguez||0.09|
|30.3||Jake Arrieta||17.82||142.8||Kevin Gausman||7.14||263||Tyler Glasnow||0.06|
|64.3||Zach Britton||16.31||176.4||Jon Gray||6.95||255.7||Sonny Gray||0.03|
|83.8||Craig Kimbrel||15.40||186.6||Vince Velasquez||6.94||192.9||Adam Ottavino||0.00|
|83.8||Mark Melancon||14.88||228.4||Garrett Richards||6.89||221.3||Hector Neris||0.00|
|248.1||Shawn Kelley||14.87||137.4||Marcus Stroman||6.78||240.4||Jim Johnson||0.00|
|146.3||Dallas Keuchel||14.86||157.5||Matt Harvey||6.67||256.5||Ryan Madson||0.00|
|92.3||David Price||14.82||146.9||David Robertson||6.64||263.9||Addison Reed||0.00|
|163.9||Lance McCullers||14.53||284.3||Gio Gonzalez||6.50||277.7||Nate Jones||0.00|
|67.5||Jacob deGrom||14.11||99.5||Julio Teheran||6.36||289.1||Brandon Kintzler||0.00|
|110.8||Ken Giles||13.48||126.4||Cody Allen||6.25||300.8||Greg Holland||0.00|
|126.9||Rich Hill||13.16||275.8||Collin McHugh||6.19||295.6||Mike Foltynewicz||-0.20|
|89.1||Masahiro Tanaka||13.15||123.3||Alex Colome||6.19||290.4||Ervin Santana||-0.22|
|221.4||Matt Shoemaker||13.05||128.7||Michael Fulmer||5.63||277||Anthony DeSclafani||-0.60|
|69.3||Kyle Hendricks||12.82||145.9||Tony Watson||5.48||275||Alex Cobb||-1.07|
|81.2||Seung Hwan Oh||12.74||236.2||Adam Wainwright||4.66||299.7||Eduardo Rodriguez||-1.17|
|123.9||Danny Salazar||12.62||187.6||Jake Odorizzi||4.50||299.9||Jordan Zimmermann||-1.63|
|110.9||Gerrit Cole||12.62||186.6||Carlos Rodon||4.36||296.6||Jason Hammel||-1.98|
|215.3||Michael Pineda||12.54||81||Aaron Sanchez||4.12||285.7||Junior Guerra||-2.06|
|65||Carlos Martinez||12.43||224.4||Blake Snell||4.10||280.7||Trevor Bauer||-2.20|
|101.7||Jose Quintana||12.28||255.2||Hisashi Iwakuma||4.07||278.1||Daniel Norris||-3.24|
|163.6||James Paxton||12.24||234.4||Brandon Maurer||3.77||202.6||Marco Estrada||-3.42|
|151.4||Jameson Taillon||12.09||230.9||Joe Ross||3.47||246.1||Dylan Bundy||-3.56|
|201.5||Robbie Ray||11.95||190.7||J.A. Happ||3.45||306||Brandon Finnegan||-5.28|
It’s interesting to note Jansen is the No. 5 overall pitcher, while Chapman is No. 7, ahead of Corey Kluber Stephen Strasburg and Jon Lester.
Next post will take on the hitters, with catchers separated out the way the closers were here.